The concept of smart beta funds has intrigued me. Smart beta funds use quantitative rankings to determine what stocks to hold and how to weight them. I agree with the general concept, but I wondered if smart beta exchange-traded funds (ETFs) actually delivered better performance. So I used the data in our ETF Guide to conduct an analysis.
This would seem to be an easy task: just line up the funds and compare the returns. After all, most funds, be they mutual funds or ETFs, can be quickly categorized as passive or active, small cap or large cap, domestic or international, etc. With smart beta ETFs, things weren’t so simple. In fact, I quickly found myself facing a quandary: What actually counts as a smart beta fund?
Morningstar does not designate funds as being smart beta in the data it supplies. (We use Morningstar’s data for our mutual fund guide, our ETF guide and our Quarterly Mutual Fund Update.) A search on Google for a list of smart beta ETFs didn’t turn up much either. This meant my first step was to create a list of smart beta ETFs.
The first few choices were easy. I knew there are ETFs based on Research Affiliates smart beta indexes, such as the PowerShares FTSE RAFI US 1000 (PRF). I included ETFs based on equal-weight market capitalization indexes, such as Guggenheim S&P 500 Equal Weight (RSP), even though equal-weight indexes were in existence before the term “smart beta” became popular.