Not Updating Your Beneficiaries Can Be Costly


Much of the conversation about investing focuses on how to realize capital gains and portfolio income, but staying on top of the seemingly minor things is also very important. A court ruling earlier this month showed how seemingly minor missteps can have significant financial consequences. A widow was denied the proceeds from her deceased husband’s life insurance policy because the beneficiary information on the policy was never changed. The case is Hall v. Metropolitan Life Insurance Company.

Here is the summary of events. Dennis Hall obtained a MetLife life insurance policy in 1991 through his employer, Newmont. At the time, Dennis designated his son as the beneficiary. In 2001, Dennis married Jane Hall. In November 2010, Dennis filled out and signed a beneficiary-designation form naming Jane Hall as the sole beneficiary of his policy, but never submitted it. The failure to submit the form proved to be big mistake.

Dennis awoke partially paralyzed on January 26, 2011, and executed a will the next day. The will provided, according to court documents, that “the following specific bequests be made from my estate. Any and all life insurance and benefits shall be distributed to Jane Marie Hall. If this beneficiary does not survive me, this bequest shall be distributed with my residuary estate.” Dennis passed away the same day.

Newmont sent MetLife a copy of the 1991 beneficiary form, which was the most current one on file. Soon afterward, Jane sent MetLife a letter saying that Dennis had changed his will, but did not have enough time to get the approved form from the insurer to change the beneficiary. MetLife denied Jane’s request, explaining that the will had no bearing on a group life benefit.

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